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Disparities in the global availability of operating theatres, essential surgical equipment and surgically trained providers are profound. Although efforts are ongoing to increase surgical care and training, little is known about the surgical capacity in developing countries. The aim of this study was to create a baseline for surgical development planning at a national level.


A locally adapted World Health Organization survey was conducted in November 2010 to assess emergency and essential surgical capacity and volumes, with on-site interviews at 44 district and referral hospitals in Rwanda. Results were compiled for education and capacity development discussions with the Rwandan Ministry of Health and the Rwanda Surgical Society.

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  1. Petroze, R. T. ; Nzayisenga, A. ; Rusanganwa, V. ; Ntakiyiruta, G. ; Calland, J. F.

    British Journal of Surgery, 2012, Vol.99(3), pp.436-443 [Peer Reviewed Journal]